CSIR UGC NET 2012 (December) answer key by various institutions

Date of CSIR UGC NET examination: 23rd December 2012
we'll publish entire(total) key as soon as we get.

The Test will be held in the subjects as given under:
1. Chemical Sciences,
2. Earth Sciences
3. Life Sciences
4. Mathematical Sciences
5. Physical Sciences

click here for made easy key:


Tech Buzz: What is a TV Aspect Ratio?

What is a TV Aspect Ratio?

When referring to televisions, the aspect ratio essentially tells us the shape of a TV image - and is also used to refer to the shape of our televisions.

The ratio that it refers to is the width of the image divided by the height.

TV Aspect Ratio - 4:3
4:3 TV Aspect Ratio

For those of you old enough to remember (ok, we're not actually going that far back!), the traditional shape of a television screen was almost square. It was slightly wider than it was high, but not by much.

This TV screen shape was designed to match the shape of the images that were sent to our TVs, and it was known as a "4 by 3" image - also known as 4:3 or 4x3.

This means that the image was 4 units wide and 3 units high. The physical size of the units doesn't matter - it could be 4 inches by 3 inches, 4 feet by 3 feet or 8 feet by 6 feet - but the relationship between the width and the height is always 4 across and 3 down.

As the actual size of the image doesn't matter, it is often easier to express this 4:3 relationship as a ratio. This means that if we divide the width by the height, then 4 ÷ 3 = 1.33.

So 1.33 (or 1.33:1) is said to be the aspect ratio of a 4:3 TV image or television.

You will often find the aspect ratio referred to as either of these two numbers, but they both mean the same thing. When you do see these terms, then it is just telling you the basic shape of an image or screen.

What is a 16:9 Widescreen TV Aspect Ratio?

As with all technology, times change and the boffins try and improve on what we already have. Therefore, it was thought that this traditional 4:3 aspect ratio used in television viewing could be improved.

Widescreen TV Aspect Ratio
16:9 Widescreen TV Aspect Ratio

Although originally 1.33:1, the traditional aspect ratio of movies has for a long time been different to the 'square' images were used to seeing on our televisions. This meant the image shape was much wider than it was high. You can see this by the wide shape of the screen in a cinema or movie theater.

This wide image shape was thought to more closely reflect the way that our eyes worked - and so was a more natural way for us to see things.

With the introduction of HDTV and digital television, the result has been a slow but steady switch to 'widescreen' televisions.

The widescreen image we see on our TVs isn't quite the same shape as they use in movies, but it is similar.

The actual shape that has become standard for HDTVs is a "16 by 9" image. This is the standard HD aspect ratio. As with a 4:3 image, this means that the picture is 16 units wide and 9 units high - therefore much wider in comparison to the height.

You're probably way ahead of me now, but we can also express this widescreen image as a ratio.

Therefore, 16 ÷ 9 = 1.77. This number is usually rounded up to 1.78 - so when you see a reference to 1.78 or 1.78:1, then you know that the image or TV screen will be widescreen - or 16:9.

Read more: http://www.the-home-cinema-guide.com/tv-aspect-ratio.html#ixzz2Fne8lnYm

Internet NEWS:30-Year-Old Man Gets $ 45,500 To Change Last Name

It's not all that uncommon for someone to change their last name,
perhaps when they get married, or become a famous movie star. But one
US entrepreneur had a different reason to change his name. He has
agreed to a new identity for a year to whatever name the highest
bidder wanted in an online auction.

So 30-year-old Jason Sadler from Florida will become Jason
HeadsetsDotCom on January 1 after the website Headsets.com agreed to
pay Sadler $45,500 to legally change his name. "Throughout my life
I've had three separate last names, none of which have carried any
real meaning for me or my sense of identity," Sadler said on his
website, buymylastname.com.

"So earlier this year when my mom let me know she'd be going through a
divorce, it occurred to me that shedding my last name might actually
make a lot of sense for me," said Sadler, who was then inspired to
sell his last name through an online auction that allowed any company
who wanted their business name as his new last name to submit a bid.

on November 1 and ended on Wednesday at midnight, with the highest
bidder being Headsets.com, which states on its website that it is
America's leading provider of office telephone earpieces. Sadler said
on his website that he "will now become a walking, talking billboard"
for the company, and is "ready and willing" to expand upon any further
marketing ideas for an additional cost.

"We've done some wacky marketing things ourselves in the past," Mike
Faith, president of Headsets.com, told CNN about Sadler's idea that he
said is a perfect fit for the company. Twenty-five businesses
participated in the auction, with Headsets.com and PawnUp.com battling
it out until the very end.

Sadler said he will donate 10 percent of the money earned from the
auction to a non-profit organization called Cheerful Givers, which is
committed to giving less fortunate children gifts on their birthdays
and holidays. He will use the rest for future marketing ideas.
Self-branding is not a new concept for Sadler. In 2009, he started an
advertising campaign where he raised more than $66,000 by wearing
different company t-shirts.

Read more:-http://ibnlive.in.com/news/us-30yearold-man-gets–45500-to-change-last-name/310547-2.html

T20 Tickets: Sale of tickets for Mumbai T20 game ,online link

Tickets for the second and final T20 International between India and England here at the Wankhede Stadium on December 22 will be sold only online, the Mumbai Cricket Association announced on Wednesday.

"The sale of all tickets for the 2nd Twenty20 match between India and England to be played on Saturday, 22nd December 2012 will be made online at


" said a media release issued by MCA's joint secretaries Nitin Dalal and Dr P V Shetty.

There will be "no counter sale of tickets at the box office", the release added. The opening T20 game of the series is to be held at Pune's Subrata Roy Sahara Stadium on Thursday.

read more at http://m.cricketnext.com/cn/news/no-counter-sale-of-tickets-for-mumbai-t20-game/69969-13.html

Tech buzz: How to create a bootable USB stick on Windows

How to create a bootable USB stick on Windows

To run Ubuntu from a USB stick, the first thing you need to do is insert a USB stick with at least 2GB of free space into your PC.

The easiest way to put Ubuntu onto your stick is to use the USB installer provided at pendrivelinux.com. You'll need to download and install and follow the instructions.

Download Pen Drive Linux's USB Installer

read more at http://www.ubuntu.com/download/help/create-a-usb-stick-on-windows

National Eligibility Test - December, 2012 Syllabus dates e-certificates admit cards



The Test will consist of three papers. All the three papers will consist of only objective type questions and will be held on 30th December, 2012 (SUNDAY) in two separate sessions as under:





Number of Question


First I10060 out of which 50 question to be attempted 1¼ Hours (09.30 A.M. to 10.45 A.M.)
FirstII 10050 questions all are compulsory1¼ Hours (10.45 A.M. to 12.00 NOON)
SecondIII150 75 questions all are compulsory2 Hours (01.30 P.M. to 4.00 P.M.)

Syllabus of Test: All questions of Paper-II and Paper-III will be compulsory, covering entire syllabus (including all electives, without options). Syllabi for all NET subjects can be downloaded from the UGC Website www.ugc.ac.in 

click here  for Syllabus N E T Subjects

Examination Date: Sunday; Dec. 30, 2012

Updated Answer Keys of NET Exams - June 2012

Updated Answer Keys of NET Exams - June 2012 

About NET Exams:

The National Educational Testing Bureau of University Grants Commission (UGC) conducts National Eligibility Test (NET) to determine eligibility for lectureship and for award of Junior Research Fellowship (JRF) for Indian nationals in order to ensure minimum standards for the entrants in the teaching profession and research. The Test is conducted in Humanities (including languages), Social Sciences, Forensic Science, Environmental Sciences, Computer Science and Applications and Electronic Science.

read more here

Tech News :VirtualBox access shared folders from Windows XP guest OS

From the VirtualBox's menu, go to Devices Shared Folders... to add/remove the folders of the host operating system that you would like to share with the guest operating system (Windows XP, in this example). When done click Ok.

Now we are going to access the folders we added. DO NOT open My Network Places! Instead open a new explorer instance. You can do that by pressing WinKey-E or by executing the explorer command (Start Run... type "explorer" Ok). You should see a windows that looks like this:

windows explorer screenshot

Now, carefully click on the expand icon (expand icon) right next to My Network Places. Make sure you click exactly on the expand icon. If you accidentally clicked on My Network Places, you ruined everything and you will have to go back and start all over again. After expanding the My Network Places branch, you should be able to see Entire Network right underneath:

windows explorer screenshot

Now expand the Entire Network branch, too, and you should be able to see VirtualBox Shared Folders:

windows explorer screenshot

Open VirtualBox Shared Folders. Normally, you should be able to see your shared folders in there.

read more at http://www.giannistsakiris.com/index.php/2007/09/28/virtualbox-access-shared-folders-from-windows-xp-guest-os/